Suffixes

Talossan suffixes are added to “stems” of words, which are determined according to the following rules.

  • If the suffix begins with a consonant (for example, -cada), the full word is the stem.
  • Otherwise, if the word ends in…
    • a consonant, or in the stressed ending -éu, the full word itself is the stem (for example: päts, naziun, traval, çéu).
    • a stressed vowel (for example, , itrì, comunistà), the stem is formed by adding the letter -n (making pan-, itrin-, comunistan-).
    • an unstressed vowel or vowels, the stem is formed by removing that vowel or those vowels (for example, the stem of gascota is gascot-, that of óspila is óspil-). Note cases when the letters i and u are pronounced as consonants; in these cases, they are not removed from a stem (for example, the stem of doua is dou- and that of ziua is ziu-). Also, in words ending in -ia (or -ía) the -i- is retained (for example, the stem of leituría is leituri-).

Some common Talossan suffixes are listed below with their English meanings:

  • -a = resulting object or resulting action (from verbs)
  • -ada = product made from; an ongoing action; a stroke or thrust, usually with a cutting or pointed instrument; also the wound left by such a blow; quantity that fills something; quantity determined by the nature of the action
  • -adeireu = place
  • -adoira = machine
  • -aglha = group or pile with sense of disorder or ill
  • -amaintsch = verbal noun expressing or characterised by a single action of the verb
  • -arac’h = naturally occurring group
  • -ard = bad person
  • -arieu = place where a thing is kept; recipient of a transaction (-ee); book, bound collection, printed matter
  • -atíu = -(at)ive, inclination to, capacity for
  • -atréu, having the feminine form -atréa = having same or similar qualities or appearance
  • -atsch = bad person, animal, or thing
  • -attä = -less, without
  • -atx = object or thing made from or having the quality of; collection, set, with a sense of order
  • -aval = ability
  • -aziun = verbal noun of action
  • -buerg = town, city of, -burg
  • -cada = series, row, line
  • -destreça = skill
  • -eir = doer of an action
  • -ell = young animal
  • -ería = business or place of business; goods sold
  • -eríe = feature of character
  • -esc, having the femine form -easca = -ish, -like, -esque
  • -escharh = forms a verb meaning beginning, becoming
  • -escu = patronymic, son of, -son
  • -et having the feminine form -eta = small, diminutive
  • -ia region or place of
  • -içarh = -ize, to make into, transform, render
  • -ificarh = -ify, to cover, supply, or furnish with
  • -iform = shaped like
  • -istà = -ist, partisan or professional
  • -ità = abstract quality, -ity, -ness
  • -itis = -itis, inflammation, disease
  • -värts = toward
  • -ismeu = -ism, ideology, system
  • -ófil = one characterised by -ofília
  • -ofilia = love or interest, often excessive
  • -ofob = one who fears or hates
  • -ofobia = fear, hatred
  • -oira = article that contains
  • -olateir = one who worships
  • -olatria = worship
  • -omania = insane excitement, madness
  • -omániäc = one suffering from an -omania
  • -(o)nça = abstract quality characterised by an action
  • -ös = full of, rich in, characterised by, -ous
  • -ósis = disease, disorder
  • -oteca = place where things are collected and stored
  • -otic = diseased by an -ósis
  • -p(h)äts = domain, realm, country
  • -sqab = office, legal duties
  • -üc = charming and small
  • -üt = -ite, follower or descendant; characterisation by a physical feature

Numerical Suffixes

When a number is suffixed, it often retains its full value (that is, the full word is the stem), or takes a slightly modified form. This is seen in the examples dueta, douaplicarh, and quartet, below.

  • -aina is used to form a collective noun [dudeschaina is a group of twelve, tresaina is a threesome]
  • -et, having the feminine form -eta is used to indicate group of people [quartet is a quartet, dueta is a duet of females]
  • -föld is used like the English suffix -fold, increase [tresföld is threefold, sexföld is six-fold]
  • -plet is used to indicate a number of siblings [douaplet is a twin, tresplet a triplet, and viensplet is an only-begotten]
  • -plicarh forms a verb meaning multiplication [douaplicarh is to double, tresplicarh is to triple]

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